Race Relations: Most Popular Articles
Some Native Americans consider Thanksgiving to be a day to mourn. So, should the holiday be celebrated? Explore the pros and cons with this overview.
This review of cultural appropriation offers a definition of the practice, examples of appropriation and quotes about it.
What is a stereotype? Stereotypes are qualities assigned to groups of people related to their race, nationality and sexual orientation, to name a few. Find out why stereotypes should be avoided.
Ever been confused about which racial term to use to describe a certain group? Find out which racial terms are derogatory and why as well as the alternative racial names you can use instead.
What is racism, really? Explore the definition of racism. Learn what internalized racism is as well as other forms of racism, such as horizontal racism and reverse racism. Examine examples of racism from the past and the present.
This analysis of the common ways blacks are typecast in Hollywood reveals why stereotypical roles do a disservice to the African-American community.
Hollywood has a long history of portraying Middle Eastern people as terrorists, Islamic fundamentalists, misogynists and other negative stereotypes that result in real life Arab Americans facing racial discrimination and other forms of mistreatment.
This list of stereotypes about Hispanics in film and television break down why sweeping generalizations about Latinos miss the mark.
Racism is more complicated than simply one racial group hating and oppressing another group. Institutions may discriminate against racial groups. People with racial prejudices may engage in covert or subtle acts of racism against others. Moreover, people of color who’ve suffered as a result of pervasive white supremacist ideologies may battle internalized racism, or self-hatred related to being part of a minority group.
How are ethnic minorities affected by racism in society? They sometimes turn racism inward, hating their own racial group as a result. This is known as internalized racism.
Meaning of stereotype explained.
What is colorism? Find out more about skin color discrimination, its origins in and outside of the United States and the impact it has had on black America and other communities of color. There’s a reason why sales of skin-whitening creams continue to soar and why the most prominent people of color tend to have light skin. The answer is colorism.
Passing for white was once commonplace in Hollywood. This list names five classic actors who engaged in the practice on screen, off screen or both.
Everyday racism includes treating people from racial minority groups differently than other groups or ignoring people of color. Learn about this disturbing but common practice.
This list examines five common stereotypes about Asian Americans featured in television and film, including the dragon lady, the geek, the prostitute, the foreigner and the martial artist.
Race is arguably the most divisive aspect of Western society. One’s access to quality housing, health care and education varies depending on race. Although we live in a racially stratified society, the concept of race didn’t always exist. So, what is race, what are its origins in America, and why do scientists say they have little use for this concept?
Institutional racism in the church, medicine and in the legal system, to name a few, has perpetuated discrimination in the United States for generations.
This overview of Native American stereotypes in television and film reveals how often the racial group has been labeled as warriors, beautiful maidens, magical medicine men and other characters that influence public perception of American Indians.
Racial prejudice is a term that's used all the time, but what does it mean exactly? How does it intersect with racial stereotyping, racial profiling and institutional racism?
How are race and ethnicity different? This overview uses definitions and examples to distinguish these two concepts.
If you have racist family members, there are several steps you can take to prevent their behavior from having a negative impact on you, such as setting limits and giving consequences for their behavior.
Because Native Americans are one of the nation’s smallest minority groups, many people aren’t as familiar with them as they are with the country’s larger racial groups. Given the long history indigenous peoples have in the Americas, that’s a shame. The U.S. Census Bureau has culled together a series of interesting trivia about Native Americans—from how many identify as mixed race to the largest Native American tribes and the states home to the greatest numbers of indigenous peoples. With this info, learn more about the history of Native Americans and where they stand today.
The United States is known for its slang, but some expressions Americans use casually are considered racially offensive. If you want to avoid inadvertently hurting someone with your language, use this list to learn which terms to retire from your vocabulary. Page 2.
This overview examines celebrities who have been accused of cultural appropriation because of their behavior, style of dress, music videos and more.
Colorism is a practice of discrimination by which those with lighter skin are treated more favorably than those with darker skin.
A number of strategies exist on how to deal with racism, but one way that often proves ineffective is calling someone a racist. Using this label typically backfires because it results in defensiveness and insincere apologies, among other reasons.
Latinos have more political power than ever before. A major voting bloc, both Republicans and Democrats court the Hispanic population. In the Civil Rights era, however, Latinos had to fight to be heard. They voiced their concerns in what is known as the Chicano Movement.
This overview explores the ways in which racial minority groups, including blacks, Hispanics, Arabs, Asians and Native Americans, are stereotyped in film and television.
This overview about Latinos and immigration breaks down common stereotypes the public has about Hispanic Americans, including that they are all recent immigrants, they all speak Spanish and that all undocumented immigrants are Mexicans.
Colorism has a far-reaching impact both in and outside of communities of color. Learn more about the effects of skin color bias with this overview.
Racism makes news headlines every day. But what about so-called reverse racism? What are some examples of this phenomenon, and what's the best way to define it? Is reverse racism even real?
Just what is Kwanzaa? One of the newer American holidays, Kwanzaa originated in the turbulent 1960s to instill racial pride and unity in the black community. Now, fully recognized in mainstream America and elsewhere, Kwanzaa is widely celebrated.
The least funny jokes around aren’t knock-knock jokes but racist ones. So, what’s the best way to respond when someone tells a racist joke? Aim to handle yourself and the joke-teller with integrity.
Definition of affirmative action.
Harry Belafonte, Natalie Wood, Wesley Snipes and Salma Hayek are some of the stars who have been featured in films about interracial romance. Want to see which other actors made this list of notable movies depicting interracial couples? This catalog of interracial love films spans the decades.
Asian Americans mobilized around political causes in the 1960s and ’70s during the Asian-American Civil Rights Movement. An apology to Japanese American internees, an end to the Vietnam War and ethnic studies programs in colleges were major movement causes. Today, Asian Americans continue to be politically active and recently celebrated the entry of the first Chinese American woman in Congress.
Learn more about cultural appropriation with this roundup of noteworthy books, blogs and websites about the persistent phenomenon.
Columbus Day has been a U.S. holiday since 1937, but opponents say Christopher Columbus shouldn't be honored due to his treatment of Native Americans.
The effects of racial discrimination on minority groups run the gamut—from poor self-image to depression to suicide. This overview examines how racism can lead to depression and what measures communities of color can counter this phenomenon.
Get the facts about the Asian American population with this summary of interesting data culled from the U.S. Census Bureau.
When the Irish arrived in the United States they faced racial stereotypes and discrimination, largely because of how the English had treated them in the Old World. They managed to overcome bias by distancing themselves from other racial minorities rather than aligning with them.
Fraught with potential tensions, the history of interracial relationship issues in the U.S. is long. Learn how to confront the issues that arise from loving across color lines.
Racial discrimination lawsuits filed against high-profile companies such as Walmart, Abercrombie & Fitch and General Electric indicate that racism in the workplace continues to serve as a barrier for people of color.
Arab American Heritage Month celebrates the contributions people of Middle Eastern descent have made to the U.S. and their history in the nation.
African-American women are NOT destined to remain single; the majority of successful black men do NOT marry outside the race. Research that busts the myths.
Affirmative action and minorities are often linked, but are the ethnic groups who need it most reaping its benefits in college admissions? A look at how affirmative action plays out among Asian-American and African-American students suggests maybe not.
No one wants to be called a racist but sometimes people who’ve been unquestionably racially insensitive protest the label by trotting out hackneyed excuses such as “some of my best friends are black.” This list explains why the excuses people commonly use to defend themselves against racism accusations don’t hold up.
Parents can protect their children against the effects of colorism by not repeating harmful messages about skin color, praising people based on their complexion alone and more.
Mixed-race children face unique challenges, but raising biracial children who are happy and healthy is possible if parents teach them to embrace all facets of their racial makeup, settle in diverse communities and choose schools that celebrate multiculturalism, among other measures.
Bullies pick on classmates from everything to the grades they get to the way they dress, but what happens when race enters the picture? Discover which steps to take to end racist bullying in school.
Making sure employees from different racial backgrounds feel comfortable at work has several benefits. Not only can encouraging diversity in the workplace enhance team spirit, it can also boost creativity and promote a sense of investment in the company. By following a few simple guidelines, it's fairly easy to create a work setting in which employees of all backgrounds feel valued.
Life on a predominantly white college campus will likely prove challenging for minority students, but there are ways for them to thrive at universities where racism is an issue.
Interracial marriage may be increasingly common in the United States, but a number of myths about interracial relationships remain. This list examines the assumptions society makes about interracial couples.
The high fashion world has embraced Native American styles like never before—featuring moccasins, mukluks, fringe bags and feather earrings in runway collections. But is couture paying tribute to indigenous communities or simply ripping them off in a callous form of cultural appropriation?
Definition of Racial Profiling. Race Relations.
Racial bias and discrimination come in many forms, including racism, racial profiling, racial stereotypes and racial prejudice. Learn more about these types of bigotry with this overview.
In honor of Black History Month, the U.S. Census Bureau has highlighted statistics about the African American demographic that may change one’s views of the black population. The census information points out that black businesses are booming, blacks exercise their right to vote in large numbers and are attending college in record numbers.
Once upon time African Americans were the racial group most closely associated with acts of racial profiling and police brutality. Increasingly, however, Latinos are the group on the receiving end of police brutality, deadly force and other abuses of law enforcement’s power.
Research has shown that racism not only leads to depression in children but also to behavior problems and the inclination to drop out of school.
Despite growing interest in Africa around the globe, racial stereotypes about it persist. This list of common myths about Africa aims to clear them up.
Interracial dating now has more support than ever among the American public, so much so that some people prefer dating interracially to dating within their own race. Unfortunately, some people pursue interracial relationships for the wrong reasons—to acquire status, cure an inferiority complex or because everyone else seems to be doing it. Find out the wrong reasons to date interracially with this list of tips and advice.
Today interracial couples appear on television shows all the time, but for much of the 20th century seeing individuals from different racial backgrounds marry or become romantically involved on the small screen was a major taboo. This list highlights some of television’s early interracial couples.
Donald Trump's racist comments and behavior predated his backlash for characterizing Mexican immigrants as rapists and drug lords.
The debate over affirmative action has yet to die down. Learn about the pros and cons of affirmative action and the impact it has had on social progress in America.
Do you know as much about America’s largest minority groups as you think? The information the U.S. Census Bureau has pieced together about African Americans, Latinos and Asian Americans, to name a few, shed light on the size of these populations, where they live in the United States as well as their achievements and challenges.
Each November the U.S. government celebrates Native American Heritage Month with a series of events and activities. With this biography, learn more about the history and background of Native American Heritage Month and useful info to have while taking part in the observance. Native American Heritage Month is a time to reflect on the contributions of American Indians and Alaska Natives, the challenges they have overcome and continue to face.
Racial bias in medicine was pervasive in the 20th century, but it hasn’t been wiped out in contemporary America. This overview illustrates how racism continues to influence the medical arena.
Latinos are one of the fastest growing groups in the United States. Facts the U.S. Census Bureau has compiled about the Hispanic population reveal the strides Latinos have made in areas such as business and the areas of the country where Latinos live in large numbers.
When CNN anchor Don Lemon came out as gay, he was applauded for being one of the few high-profile blacks to do so. Lemon’s announcement sparked debate about why other famous gay minorities remain closeted. Yet, the list of famous gay people of color who’ve come out is growing. In addition to black gay and lesbian celebrities, the list includes gay Latino celebrities and famous gay Asian Americans. This compilation includes more than 20 such celebrities.
This review of Italian-American stereotypes in film and television shows how little the American image of the Italian has changed in popular culture.
In the 20th century, women of color—blacks, Puerto Ricans and Native Americans—were targeted for sterilization by the U.S. government. This overview provides details on what happened.
People often highlight the differences between Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr., but the men share much in common as well. This highlights where the men overlap.
A variety of U.S. holidays are regarded as racist or racially insensitive. Do holidays such as Columbus Day or Thanksgiving celebrate the conquest of Native Americans? Some activists argue so. What about Halloween? Observers of that holiday are increasingly accused of fueling stereotypes when they dress up as people of color from geishas to Gypsies to Aunt Jemima. Lastly, an enormous amount of confusion surrounds the Kwanzaa holiday. Is it just for black people? Do all blacks celebrate it? Demythologize this holiday by learning more about its focus and the communities it targets.
An increasing number of Americans identify as multiracial, but myths about mixed-race people persist. This list aims to break down misconceptions about multiracial identity.
America has a long history of anti-racist activists. Fight injustice by partaking in protests, letter-writing campaigns and more.
How did MTV shift from arguably shutting African American musicians out in the 1980s to routinely spotlighting their contributions decades later?
You think you’ve been a victim of racial discrimination during a job interview, but you’re not sure. Learn about the questions interviewers may ask that violate your civil rights and how to take action against a discriminatory employer.
Get the facts about slavery in the U.S., including when the slave trade began and how many slaves were brought to the New World, with this list.
Does the criminal justice system treat blacks unfairly? An overview of statistics reveals that race plays a role in everything from sentencing to the likelihood that a person will be stopped and frisked by police.
Definition of Institutional Racism
A number of black actresses, including Lupita Nyong’o and Gabrielle Union, have spoken out over the years about the impact colorism and skin color prejudice has had on their lives.
Cesar Chavez changed life for laborers of all ethnic backgrounds with his use of passive resistance to unionize farm workers. Chavez Day is held in a number of states to honor his contributions. This overview provides a history of the holiday, how and where it’s celebrated and the push for a federal observance.
Aunt Jemima and Uncle Ben are just some of the African American faces that have been used to advertise food over the years.
After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor,the U.S. ordered some 110,000 Japanese Americans into internment camps.Three refused.Their cases went to the Supreme Court
Race-based stereotypes and myths pose a huge threat to equality. Racial stereotypes and myths lead to prejudice and hatred, which, in turn, lead to discrimination against entire ethnic groups. The problem is that those who make up racial groups are so unique that no generalization can capture who they are. To deconstruct stereotypes, it’s important to know how they work, which ones are most common and which behaviors contribute to ethnic stereotyping. Racism won’t go away until racial myths do.
African-Americans have given children unique names since the 1960s, leading racists to reject job and housing applicants with black names.
An outbreak of racist college parties in the 21st century has led to more discussion about how to discourage students from participating in such events. Five tips for preventing college parties include disciplining students who participate in the events and discussing such parties during orientation week.
The United States celebrates Irish American History Month in March. It's a month that's yet to enjoy the recognition of the much more popular St. Patrick's Day. Celebrate Irish American Heritage Month by becoming more acquainted with the Irish American population.
World War II had a tremendous impact on race relations in the United States.
Black history is filled with a countless amount of important events. But what moments in black history are most shocking? The assassination of a civil rights icon, a boycott that was supposed to last just one day and two race riots made the list.
Azealia Banks has faced a public backlash for her beefs with other rappers, but that doesn't make her remarks about racism and cultural appropriation any less valid.
Learn more about apartheid in South Africa with this brief history of the racially stratified social system.
Because Americans from different ethnic groups still have much to learn about each other, the workplace is often the site of racially offensive behavior. Sometimes colleagues unintentionally make racial gaffes, and other times racial prejudice is to blame for bad behavior at work. Whatever the culprit, it’s in every employee’s interest to avoid culturally inappropriate behaviors in the workplace.
A group of white firefighters alleged that the city of New Haven, Conn., discriminated against them when it threw out a test that white firefighters passed at a 50% greater rate than blacks. Performance on the test was the basis for promotion. By discarding the test, the city prevented the white firefighters eligible for promotion from advancing to captain and lieutenant rank. Does this case, known as Ricci v. DeStefano, constitute reverse discrimination?
Definition of tragic mulatto myth.
President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s decision to place more than 110,000 Japanese Americans in internment camps during World War II without warrant remains one of the most shameful periods in U.S. history. Angered that the federal government had violated their civil rights, some Japanese-American men refused to serve in the U.S. military when they received draft notices. They were known as No-No Boys and endured prison time for refusing to enlist in the military as well as scorn from Japanese Americans who disapproved of their decision.
By consulting diversity experts, encouraging team building and setting ground rules, you can hold diversity workshops that pay off.
This overview of National Hispanic Heritage Month explains the origins and purpose of the cultural observance as well as the events held to commemorate it.
While most Americans are familiar with holidays such as Kwanzaa and Martin Luther King Day, other holidays of particular interest to African Americans remain off the radar of mainstream America. This overview highlights holidays such as Juneteenth and Loving Day and provides history and background information on the “black” holidays with which Americans are already familiar.
Each year tens of thousands of black and Latino New Yorkers are stopped and frisked by police. While city officials says the stop and frisk program has cut down on crime, civil liberties advocates say it constitutes racial profiling.
How have affirmative action bans in California, Texas and Florida affected college admissions in those states? Learn how affirmative action has affected diversity in public universities.
Avoid making a racial gaffe this Halloween by following these tips about dressing up as someone from a different race for the occasion.
What’s the best way to handle disapproval of your interracial relationship? Communication and boundary-setting are key. Above all else, take the steps necessary to protect your relationship in the face of ongoing negativity.
This list of comments from stars in interracial relationships shows how the relationships remain taboo and how mixed couples can counter opposition.
This review of racial profiling defines what the practice is, the groups it most affects and why profiling is an ineffective law enforcement practice.
Today affirmative action is talked about so much, it seems like the practice has always been around. Actually, race-based preferences arose after hard-fought battles waged by civil rights leaders and acted on by U.S. presidents. Learn which events were the most noteworthy in affirmative action’s history.
People of color complain that they're often asked questions based on stereotypes and racist assumptions. Here are six questions not to ask members of racial minority groups.
Compromise is all it takes for multicultural families to celebrate the holidays in a way that reflects the diversity each member brings to the table.
Never has it been more crucial to counter racist behavior by distinguishing politically correct terms from racist terms.
Definition of passing for white.
Hollywood has no shortage of interracial couples. This list looks at 10 celebrities involved in long-term mixed-race relationships.
Boost your knowledge of Cesar Chavez with this list of quick facts about his life.
Many people would argue that it’s never okay to use the N-word, but there are a few times when uttering racial slur may be appropriate, such as when journalists report on the epithet.
In 1961, a coalition of black and white civil rights activist embarked on a dangerous journey from Washington D.C. to the Deep South to protest segregation on interstate bus lines. They endured beatings from white supremacist mobs as well as arson attempts, but through their efforts, Jim Crow on interstate bus and rail lines was finally struck down.
Multiracial families may be growing rapidly in the U.S., but they still face racism and other challenges. Strangers ask rude questions about family members or simply stare in disbelief that people with different skin colors and other physical characteristics could be related. Rather than alienate multiracial families, practice racial sensitivity to treat them with the dignity that they deserve.
After 9-11, racial profiling garnered much support. Opponents of racial profiling, however, say the practice is ineffective and actually hinders legal investigations. So, what alternatives exist? Moreover, what can you do if you’re racially profiled?
With yearly celebrations of Black History Month taking place in the United States for decades, it’s easy to think that such cultural observances have always been a part of American society. In fact, Americans didn’t come together to recognize the contributions of blacks until the early 20th century. Thanks to the efforts of pioneering historian Carter G. Woodson, Black History Month became a phenomenon observed by Americans of all racial backgrounds.
Hispanic voters surfaced as one of the most coveted blocs in the 2012 presidential election. This overview sheds light on the major characteristics of this voting demographic. What do Hispanic voters care about and which political party do they feel best represents their concerns?
U.S. college students protested against racism on their campuses in late 2015, inspired by the activism of University of Missouri's football team.
This overview details two examples of U.S. government sponsored medical racism: The Tuskegee and Guatemala Syphilis Studies.
In the early days of Hollywood, Native American actors were relegated to stereotypical roles in Cowboys and Indians flicks. Although Hollywood still has much progress to make in how it represents American Indians, talented Native American and First Nations actors from the U.S. and Canada have been leaving their mark on the film industry by playing a range of roles—from the dramatic to the comedic. Learn more about the roles that have made these Native American celebrities famous.
The definition of miscegenation.
Job discrimination based on race is alive and well, but is it possible to avoid it while searching for work? Fortunately, yes. Learn which strategies to use to avoid hiring discrimination. Don’t be a victim.
This profile of Rage Against the Machine front man Zack de la Rocha chronicles his journey as a racially alienated youth in Orange County to an outspoken anti-racist musician.
This overview highlights the facts of civil rights legend Rosa Parks’ life.
Definition of the racial slur Oreo.
Year after year, many families watch the same Christmas movies that have been in rotation during the holiday season for decades. Not only are most of these holiday films in black-and-white, they also feature entirely white casts. For families of color, these holiday film classics fall short. Fortunately, contemporary films capture what the holiday season is like for people from a variety of ethnic backgrounds.
A number of studies indicate that even when whites and minorities work in the same fields, the latter earns less.
Nat Turner, Denmark Vesey and Gabriel Prosser are among the African Americans who planned the most famous slave rebellions in North America.
Interracial marriage is a right often taken for granted today. For many years, however, states across the country banned such marriages. Thanks to the efforts of Richard and Mildred Loving, the U.S. Supreme Court legalized interracial marriage in 1967. In their honor, Loving Day celebrations take place annually worldwide. Find out more about the history of Loving Day and the Loving v. Virginia case with this profile.
Definition of Jim Crow. Race Relations.
Celebrities such as Lucy Liu, Viola Davis and Chris Rock discuss racism in Hollywood.
If you're thinking about dressing up as an Indian, Gypsy or Geisha for Halloween, you might want to reconsider. Avoid racist Halloween costumes.
This overview highlights how medical racism leads today’s doctors to give patients of color fewer treatment options than white patients and how in the past, medical racism led to the compulsory sterilization of women of color and to minorities being used as guinea pigs for medical research.
Juneteenth celebrations mark the day when all U.S. slaves received their freedom. Learn more about the history of Juneteenth with this review.
Many people continue to use the N-word, despite the slur’s ugly racial history. Find out the most common reasons N-word users give for saying the epithet and why their excuses don’t hold up.
Black music. White music. These terms seem outdated, but for years the segregation in music was a real problem. This made it all the more remarkable when black musicians and white musicians collaborated on projects together. Discover 10 of the most notable interracial musical collaborations to take place from the 1980s to the present.
Jimmy Carter’s civil rights record as a Georgia lawmaker and as president endeared him to blacks and other minority groups.
Take action against companies accused of racial discrimination by creating online petitions or using grassroots campaigns to spread the word.
Only a handful of major television networks have featuring African American women in starring roles. This roundup highlights the handful of network TV shows that have aired starring black women, including “Scandal” and “Julia.”
This overview highlights quotes from Malcolm X that demonstrate why he emerged as one of the most significant and controversial figures in black history.
Cross-racial friendships between children remain the exception rather than the rule in the United States. A number of studies indicate that children pick up racial cues from society that give them the idea that “birds of a feather flock together.”
Minority voters, Asian Americans, Latinos and blacks, helped Barack Obama win reelection. This analysis examines why they backed the president.
Gallup's 2015 Minority Rights and Relations Poll reveals a shift in race relations, with Americans from all backgrounds concerned about racism.
When the Tuskegee Airmen emerged as war heroes during World War II, the military was racially segregated and many doubted that African Americans could carry out complex missions. The Airmen changed that perception with their heroic feats in the sky.
Learn more about famous interracial couples, gay and straight. Learn about longtime mixed couples and those who married when Jim Crow reigned.
With one slip of the tongue, a racial controversy can start. Just ask the celebrities caught saying the N-word. Racial scandals aren’t always verbal. There are also race-based political controversies, such as the birthers who claim President Obama wasn’t born in the U.S. because he's Kenyan. For decades, some famous people denied their racial heritage, passing for white to avoid having their career options limited. Today, many scandals involving race also concern sex. Learn more with this list.
Kamala Harris is the first woman of color Attorney General in California's history. Some have dubbed her “the female Obama.”
Learn more about anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela with this list of interesting facts about his youth, relationships and life.
Spot cultural appropriation and explore alternatives to it via this review of appropriation in pop culture and the books and blogs that expose it.