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Trailblazers

The legacy of civil rights leaders continues today. Learn about the contributions of activists in the Civil Rights Movement, black power and race relations as a whole.
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An Overview of Top Civil Rights Leaders
This roundup highlights the achievements of civil rights leaders and African-American interest leaders such as Martin Luther King, Malcolm X, Whitney Young and Ella Baker.

Martin Luther King Overview
Live out Martin Luther King’s legacy by becoming familiar with his speeches and life story, not to mention the campaigns to establish a holiday and a memorial to recognize his work to end racial discrimination.

Obama Speeches on Race and Race’s Impact on His Reelection
As the first black U.S. president, Barack Obama’s racial identity and remarks on racial controversies have been scrutinized. By reviewing his speeches and writings on race and the public response to his reelection, learn more about the impact his presidency has had on race relations.

10 Interesting Facts About Nelson Mandela
Learn more about anti-apartheid activist Nelson Mandela with this list of interesting facts about his youth, relationships and life.

An Overview of Cesar Chavez
Learn more about Cesar Chavez with this list of background information about his life, his thoughts on organizing, the biopic created in his honor and the campaign to launch a federal holiday in his honor as well.

12 Facts About Cesar Chavez
Boost your knowledge of Cesar Chavez with this list of quick facts about his life.

Famous Politicians of Color: From Barack Obama to Marco Rubio
This overview highlights the contributions and achievements of famous politicians from minority backgrounds.

Five Things Martin Luther King Jr. And Malcolm X Had in Common
People often highlight the differences between Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr., but the men share much in common as well. This highlights where the men overlap.

An Overview of Malcolm X’s Life, Speeches and Philosophy
This list of information about Malcolm X’s life, work and family paints a clearer picture of who the activist really was.

Tuskegee Airmen Profile
When the Tuskegee Airmen emerged as war heroes during World War II, the military was racially segregated and many doubted that African Americans could carry out complex missions. The Airmen changed that perception with their heroic feats in the sky.

Cesar Chavez Quotes
A roundup of quotes from labor leader and civil rights activist Cesar Chavez about what inspired him to become an activist, how to curb poverty and the power of the farm workers.

Key Moments in Malcolm X’s Life
This profile of Malcolm X highlights interesting facts and key moments in the activist’s life.

Prominent Blacks Weigh In on Obama's Second Term
Prominent blacks say they have mixed feelings about President Obama at the start of his second term in office. They’d like him to do more for blacks.

Excerpts From Five Malcolm X Speeches
This overview highlights quotes from Malcolm X that demonstrate why he emerged as one of the most significant and controversial figures in black history.

Notable Quotes From Five of Martin Luther King’s Speeches
The series of speeches the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. gave throughout his life reveal much about his political views, activist strategies and perspectives on morality and international relations. These excerpts from various King speeches paint a broader picture of who King was.

Seven Interesting Facts About Martin Luther King Jr.
Given that there’s a national holiday in his honor and children worldwide learn about the U.S. civil rights movement in social studies class, it’s easy to think that there’s not much more to learn about the life of the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Many facts in King’s biography are overlooked, however. Did you know that the civil rights leader...

Latino Trailblazers and History Makers
This list of famous Latinos illustrates the contributions people of Hispanic heritage have made in music, film, politics and science. Remember the series of rap-rock bands that came out in the 1990s? A musician of Mexican descent, Zack de la Rocha, pioneered that trend. Also learn more about the five actors of Latin American background who’ve...

Celebrating Fred Korematsu Day
Koremastu Day is the only holiday in the nation observed in honor of an Asian American. Learn about Fred Korematsu’s life and the importance of the California holiday that recognizes him with this overview of his efforts to fight racial discrimination against Japanese Americans during World War II.

Native American Trailblazers
Native American heroes such as Jim Thorpe, the Navajo Code Talkers and actors and authors such as Sherman Alexie, Irene Bedard and Adam Beach have left a significant mark on U.S. culture and society.

Top American Indian Writers
With works ranging from the irreverent to the heartbreaking, Native American writers such as Sherman Alexie, Louise Erdrich and Leslie Marmon Silko have painted a three-dimensional portrait of American Indians that challenges stereotypes and pervasive misperceptions about indigenous peoples. This list of top American Indian poets, novelists and...

Navajo Code Talkers Biography
Without the help of the Navajos who enlisted in the Marines as code talkers, World War II could’ve turned out very differently for the United States. The military code based on the complex Navajo language proved impossible for the Japanese to decipher. Thanks to the Navajo code talkers, the U.S. military was able to carry out important missions...

Steve Biko Biography
A biography of the late anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko, who became a martyr of the black consciousness movement after his death in police custody.

Jim Thorpe Biography
Jim Thorpe, one of the greatest U.S. athletes in history, was of Native American descent. This biography chronicles Thorpe’s amazing athletic career, including the controversial decision to strip him of his Olympic medals, as well as his financial struggles and battles with alcohol. Learn more about how the strengths and challenges of Jim Thorpe...

The Japanese-American Heroes of World War II
Although Japanese Americans faced fierce racial discrimination, even placement in internment camps, after Japan’s attack of Pearl Harbor, many Nisei men enlisted in the military to prove their loyalty to the United States. The 442 Regimental Combat Team, made up entirely of Nisei, became the most decorated unit of its size and length of service...

Remembering The No-No Boys
President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s decision to place more than 110,000 Japanese Americans in internment camps during World War II without warrant remains one of the most shameful periods in U.S. history. Angered that the federal government had violated their civil rights, some Japanese-American men refused to serve in the U.S. military when they...

The Impact of Barack Obama's Mixed Heritage
Barack Obama made history in 2008 when he became the first man of African ancestry elected U.S. president. During his time in office, Obama's racially mixed heritage has had pros and cons. On one hand, it has led to wider discussions of biracial identity and to others exploring their roots. Conversely, being "the first black president" has...

Three of the Most Racist Anti-Obama Political Attacks
President Obama’s historic election was seen as a boon to race relations, but the racist attacks against him suggest that the country has much progress to make in the racial sphere. What are the three main racist attacks the president has faced? This outline lists them.

Celebrating Cesar Chavez Day
Cesar Chavez changed life for laborers of all ethnic backgrounds with his use of passive resistance to unionize farm workers. Chavez Day is held in a number of states to honor his contributions. This overview provides a history of the holiday, how and where it’s celebrated and the push for a federal observance.

Profile of Astronaut Jose Hernandez
This bio of NASA astronaut Jose Hernandez chronicles how the child of Mexican migrant workers realized his dream of traveling to space.

The History of the Martin Luther King Jr. Holiday
Martin Luther King Jr. may have fathered the Civil Rights Movement, but history reveals that turning his birthday into a national holiday took struggle and persistence. Discover who the key players were in creating a day in celebration of King, the lawmakers who resisted such a holiday and the states which took the longest to recognize King’s legacy.

Herman Cain Profile
This Herman Cain profile chronicles the black politician’s upbringing in Atlanta, early years in the Navy, rise to CEO of Godfather’s Pizza and Republican candidacy for president. The biography also outlines his political views, notable quotes and controversies he’s sparked, helping readers answer this question: Who is Herman Cain?

The Freedom Riders Movement
In 1961, a coalition of black and white civil rights activist embarked on a dangerous journey from Washington D.C. to the Deep South to protest segregation on interstate bus lines. They endured beatings from white supremacist mobs as well as arson attempts, but through their efforts, Jim Crow on interstate bus and rail lines was finally struck...

Famous Gay People of Color
When CNN anchor Don Lemon came out as gay, he was applauded for being one of the few high-profile blacks to do so. Lemons announcement sparked debate about why other famous gay minorities remain closeted. Yet, the list of famous gay people of color whove come out is growing. In addition to black gay and lesbian celebrities, the list includes...

Hip-Hop World Reacts to Frank Ocean Coming Out
Singer Frank Ocean of hip-hop group Odd Future made the groundbreaking move to come out about his sexuality in July 2012. Many figures in the hip-hop community, including Jay-Z, Russell Simmons and 50 Cent praised Ocean for telling the truth about his sexual orientation.

Barack Obama's Irish Heritage
When President Barack Obama made a trip to Ireland in May 2011, it was the first time the biracial politician put his Irish heritage on display. Will this move help Obama win over white voters, and what impact will the knowledge that Obama is Irish American have on the African-American community that has long claimed him.

Whitney Young Biography
Whitney Young Jr. was arguably the National Urban League’s most influential executive director. During the decade he served as head of the civil rights organization, Young increased its budget 18-fold, pushed corporate America to provide more jobs for African Americans and swayed dignitaries to use federal funding to benefit inner cities. Learn...

Biography of Richard Aoki, the Asian-American Black Panther
Despite its name, the Black Panther Party accepted members from all racial backgrounds. One of the founding members of the group, Richard Aoki, was a Japanese American. Aoki served as a field marshal in the Panthers, using his experiences in the U.S. Army to help the revolutionary group. His biography reveals how he’s a hero to African and Asian...

Five Latino Politicians to Watch
Latino politicians are rising in both the Republican and Democratic parties. Most notably New Mexico Gov. Susana Martinez, Nevada Gov. Brian Sandoval, Florida Sen. Marco Rubio, San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro and former Texas Solicitor Ted Cruz have garnered national media attention.

Quotes From Public Figures About Mandela’s Death
This overview of quotes from public figures about Nelson Mandela’s death reveal the legacy the anti-apartheid activist left behind.

Arab Americans in Politics: From Ralph Nader to Ray LaHood
This list highlights the Arab-American politicians who have had a notable impact on U.S. public policy.

Famous Civil Rights Leaders and Social Justice Activists
A multicultural lost of civil rights activists, including Cesar Chavez, Fred Korematsu, Dolores Huerta and Martin Luther King.

Excerpts From Popular Nelson Mandela Speeches
Learn more about what spurred Nelson Mandela to fight against inequality by reading excerpts from his important speeches about apartheid and activism.

Dido Elizabeth Belle Biography
A biography of Dido Elizabeth Belle, the mixed-race aristocrat who inspired the Fox Searchlight film Belle.

Reaction to Maya Angelous Death
Public figures such as Oprah Winfrey react to news of the death of Maya Angelou.

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