1. News & Issues
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.
Nadra Kareem Nittle

Study Reveals Whites Feel More Discriminated Against Than Blacks

By May 25, 2011

Follow me on:

Do whites face more discrimination than blacks do? Considering that African-Americans largely suffer from higher rates of unemployment, hunger and poverty than whites do and struggle to receive quality educations and healthcare of the same caliber as whites, you'd think not. However, a new study conducted by researchers at Harvard and Tufts universities found that white Americans believe they suffer more racial bias than blacks do.

More than 200 white and black men and women participated in the study published in the journal Perspectives on Psychological Science. Although both blacks and whites agreed that anti-black bias had decreased from the 1950s to the present day. Caucasians believed that anti-white bias had increased on a scale of 1 to 10 from 1.8 in the 1950s to 4.7 in the 21st century. Meanwhile, blacks believed that anti-white bias had only slightly risen--from 1.4 to 1.8 during the same timeframe. To boot, while 11 percent of Caucasians said that anti-white had risen all the way to 10 on a scale from one to 10, just two percent of whites felt that anti-black had risen to such a drastic degree. Clearly, there's a gaping disconnect between each group's perception about racism toward the other.

According to the Daily Mail, researchers of the study concluded: "A flurry of legal and cultural disputes over the past decade has revealed a new race-related controversy gaining traction: an emerging belief in anti-white prejudice. Whites believe...the pendulum has now swung beyond equality in the direction of anti-white discrimination."

Since when did the U.S. become a nation that's grown "beyond equality" concerning race? If that were true, the resumes of job applicants with "black-sounding names" wouldn't be 50 percent more likely than applicants with "white-sounding names" to be passed over. The legal system wouldn't penalize blacks more than whites for committing similar crimes. Blacks, even those with good credit, wouldn't have been disproportionately steered towards sub-prime loans to buy homes doing the housing boom. And, for that matter, housing discrimination would be a thing of the past. I could go on and on providing examples of how the United States has not moved beyond equality. Yes, there's a biracial man in the White House, but he's an anomaly in terms of how power is distributed in the nation.

Evidently, whites' perception of growing anti-white bias has little to do with the reality of being black or white in the United States. Researchers of the bias study concluded, for example, that whites typically view "any focus on ethnic minorities as an 'attack' on white values." This could mean that whites at a corporation with a diversity agenda may feel victimized, even though blacks make up a small minority at the company and the diversity team aims to have a workforce that better reflects the racial makeup of society.

Certainly, some of the whites who took part in the study were thinking about affirmative action when they answered the survey questions. But given that several states have banned affirmative action and that cases of alleged "reverse discrimination" make news headlines precisely because they're fairly rare, whites by and large aren't being disadvantaged by equal opportunity practices.

For those readers who still don't believe that blacks face more discrimination than whites do, ponder how many whites would be willing to swap places with a black person in this country, you know, to take advantage of all the supposed benefits African Americana enjoy.

Comments

May 25, 2011 at 10:03 pm
(1) Robert says:

con’t

What has been going on since Reagan has been a systematic roll back of the protection of the middle class established by FDR after the great depression. There are scores of right wing conservative think tanks that have been planning these changes since the 50’s. (Heritage Foundation and Manhattan Institute For Policy Research are two).

One tactic they have employed and encourage is distraction. They have used race, abortion and gay rights as distractions while they change the rule of law, the banking system, the tax system etc to favor themselves… the RICH. People feel like there is a conspiracy going on… there is… but it not a wacky, space alien kind of conspiracy. It is an out in the open, very well funded, politically savvy group of people that have stated their objective clearly… to un-do the protection brought about by the New Deal and FDR.

I think what people are feeling is real… but miss directed.

I don’t think just telling them “they are wrong” is going to help. I think giving them a better, more reasonable explanation might be more helpful. Because the feelings of lost power… is real… for all of us.

May 25, 2011 at 10:04 pm
(2) Robert says:

Hi Nadra…

Your assessment is accurate and logical… and wouldn’t it be great if people actually were swayed by reason and logic… but unfortunately… they aren’t and facts only can go so far.

I think what is going on is
(1) some loss of white privilege or specialness.

(2) the continual erosion of the middle class – lately by the systematic transfer of wealth from the middle class to the richest 1% of wall street bankers known as – think housing bubble and bail out.

(3) a general sense of powerless now being felt by the average middle class person especially in comparison to the wealthy bankers and wall street types who can basically rape the country for billions and then float away on golden parachutes.

I believe these three conditions are destabilizing many individuals and creating a sense of tension, fear and frustration. They maybe the mystery behind the numbers, especially when you remember that Americans do not frame these kind of issues/feelings in terms of CLASS… we have been trained to frame these feeling in terms of RACE.

to be continued.

May 25, 2011 at 10:05 pm
(3) Robert says:

Sorry that was a little disjointed.

May 26, 2011 at 4:36 pm
(4) tiffany says:

reading your comment makes me think of how psychosocial crises as determining balance between opposing polarities in personality. just wanted to put that out there for you.

May 26, 2011 at 11:39 pm
(5) Robert says:

Hi Tiffany…

I agree with you… everything is interconnected…. the way I see it is… when you add stress to a system… any system… the system begins to crack…

the additional stress that has been added to the american society by the “transfer of wealth from the middle class to the wealthiest 1%” and the apparent powerlessness of the middle class to stop the assault by corporate america… has shaken the middle classes sense of stability….

because the middle class in the united states DOESN’T HAVE THE CLASS LANGUAGE to frame the issues… it is using the language that has been used in the past… RACE.

From my position, issues of race (and nationality, ethnicity etc) have been used by the wealthy 1% historically, to divided the lower and middle class… and used to give the illusion of solidarity between the middle and the upper classes…

this is an illusion.

the wealthiest 1% doesn’t care about anyone but themselves and how to shift more wealth into their pockets…

Robert

May 31, 2011 at 3:46 am
(6) Raymond says:

This sentiment is not much different than that of the Christians who are in the majority who think they are being victimized by the atheists and non-believers, and society in general.
It is similar to the bully who stands above you with his bootheel on your neck screaming, “See what you’re making me do?”
And the wife beating husband who says similarly as he knocks his wife across the room, “See what you are doing to me?”
White privilege, as well as slavery, has historically also been institutional and all pervading for hundreds of years. So, even though there is a white majority in the US, there is this notion that a group such as African Americans who lived for hundreds of years as someone’s property, they cannot relate to what it really means to be victimized and oppressed, so maybe they just feel threatened. Even so, with conservative outlets like the FOX noise machine, and the 90% share of talk radio with their constant race baiting, and guests who are black that are basically apologists for this kind of behavior as well as the constant attack of Obama. They all but call him the n-word which is what they would really like to do, but instead they just paint him as something other than American. The statistics show that people of color are actually the most victimized and not the white folks. Full disclosure, I am a white heterosexual man, and I know for a fact that I have been given opportunities that my people of color brothers have missed out on, only because they were not white. This is not right.

June 2, 2011 at 8:45 pm
(7) Robert says:

Hi Raymond…

I agree with you… and Narda… and everyone else who beleive that the white feeling discriminated against is absurd… just like stragith people believing that one gay character or one gay tv show (now cancelled) is a gay revolution… it is not…

but these people are “feeling” something… and just because feelings are not facts… they have to be… understood more than just dismissed.

I understand that most straights have projected on to me a kind of plethera of sexual “unmentionables”… which I won’t mention. None of which I have done… straight society has used gays as a dumping ground to make themselves feel superior…

this is similar to what whites have done to african americans… used them as a dumping ground…

but who benefited the most… Not the white working class… the white ruling class… (fox news etc) have benefited by dividing the working class into different groups. (white, black, hispanic, asian, jew, muslim, christian etc).

I have more in common with other working and middle class people than I do with any of ruling class.

But as americans… we don’t talk about class… we only talk about race…

why

and when are we going to change that.

November 19, 2011 at 8:55 pm
(8) Lynda says:

I found this article while googling Black on White BECAUSE I have witnessed some really disturbing situations (at a community college where I am a student) The younger African American students are bullying white students…..Hanging out in the hallways and being total a—–s. Even in class, a guy told a (white male) teacher that he was racist when he was teaching something historical that had to do with race. I can understand it in a way, but the teacher was not being racist at all, he was just trying to teach history. Then, last week there were two African American guys in a car that stopped sideways in parking lot to block in a white couple that was behind them, just to get out and harass them over a parking space…and yes, yelling racial slurs against them. I have many more examples but I will refrain. It’s bad enough that anyone has to be racist…I get that. But it seems like the younger generation is experiencing a back lash of all this by acting out upon each other NOW! That is so sad! Why do people want to perpetuate this kind of disrespect towards one another. But yes, I’m gonna say it…Some people can be so obnoxious and scream “oh it’s racial, it’s racism” and then turn around and retaliate by being total a——s! When are people going to wise up! That is not the way to express the oppression that you feel, or the way your parents told you that white people are “bad”. This just shows how closed minded people of ANY RACE can be. Take some freaking Sociology classes instead! Maybe that would put it in a macro perspective instead of such an egocentric one.!

November 29, 2011 at 11:44 pm
(9) Jerry says:

I don’t think this financial argument is necessarily true or valid. People always repeat this idea: that because whites generally are richer or have better chances getting a job – there are therefore no problems at all.

What about whites who live in mostly coloured neighbourhoods? Are they not a minority in their local area where they live? Can’t they face the same challenges that other minorities do – or perhaps whites are just immune to those kinds of problems?

And who are the government aiming at with new programs and investments? Is it white youngsters with decent backgrounds? Of course not, even though youth unemployment is high. Instead they usually aim for some poor neighbourhood, why do anything for whites, they get by anyways don’t they?

Then it’s probably this idea that racism only goes one way.

Perhaps it has actually gone to far. Perhaps we are so caught up in this post-colonial trauma, that today we do anything for the minorities – even have special laws for them: with hate crimes. And we can’t see the problem with this because everybody has this idea that whites are the rich majority, so why should the complain about anything.

And if you don’t agree with this established idea that minorities are always the ones in need of extra resources and aid – and that racism is only something that goes from white to black – if you don’t accept that, then you are automatically some reincarnated Hitler, that must be fought.

People are probably just being tired of all the hypocrisy.

January 17, 2012 at 1:57 pm
(10) Sherry says:

I totally agree with Ms. Nittle findings. Whites have are never will be mistreated as Africian Americans have. Your last paragraph says it all. If you are white try praying to The Lord to let you be treated as an Africian American individually. I hope that the Lord Grants your prayer. I’m sure there will be thousands of whites praying this prayer LOL:) !!!

January 17, 2012 at 2:34 pm
(11) JC says:

Whites feel that they are more discriminated against because they ARE more discrimnated against.

See you at beat whitey night!

February 3, 2012 at 6:55 pm
(12) James says:

I thought this article was well written and the writer did a good job. Except it is obvious as a Black female she is extremely biased towards her own race and has it “in” for whites. Being white in America, you do face a lot of prejudice. Blacks and other minorities think we are born into privilege just because we are white and that we have it easier then them. In reality, White Men have it just as harder as Blacks.

February 6, 2012 at 9:01 pm
(13) T W says:

why do all American hav their head so far up their asses?

February 15, 2012 at 6:00 pm
(14) iceland says:

There seems to be so much anger towards whites in this age and time. I fully understand and appreciate the history of our nation and do not agree with things that have happened in the past. I sympathize with anyone of any class or race that has been discriminated against, that being said I also have to say that as a white middle class person who pays taxes dearly that I find it difficult to swallow when I work at a local social services agency and see fraud being committed by employees to help a brother out. Everyone should live by the rules of our society if that is indeed what we preach? There does seem to be a significant amount of the younger generation of african americans who HATE whites just because they are white and will do anything to harm them or take advantage of them. One thing that society has to look at is the home front? What is being done to educate the young children regarding a desire to want to work, to be an active contributor to our economy, society etc. I’m sorry but where I live it is clear that most (not all) blacks want to get a hand out and continue to perpetuate the cycle because no one has taken the time to show them that there is a better way out there for life. How can you hold someone who is 50 years behind the slavery generation accountable for what someone else did and how can you say that you don’t have the same opportunities when your college is being paid for, you get food stamps, you get free medical care. Our society and economy is being bled dry by both whites and blacks. It is time to wake up and smell the coffee and make everyone be accountable for themselves. If you have 1 child that you can’t take care of, why continue to feed and pay for the next 3. This is your government continuing to control where you will have a place in this society.

February 16, 2012 at 4:08 pm
(15) iceland says:

Let’s consider doing more research upon writing an article. There is really no such thing as “reverse racism”. It is just plain and simple RACISM!

May 2, 2012 at 3:21 pm
(16) charly says:

It not a matter of belief or thinking that whites are more discriminated against in present day America, they ARE! Its FACT. Just take a look at policies. Take a gander at the laws. Look at the Nazi Germany based quota systems of our so-called Affirmative Action. We have government sponsored laws of blatant discrimination against white Americans. Affirmative action is a word made up to sound so positive, and its anything but. Its pure racism. People need to wise up and see it for what it is. Nadra you sound extremely biased and maybe even a bit racist. That doesn’t surprise me though. Today blacks are far most racist than that of whites. Nadra if you can’t see that blacks today have more advantage and opportunity than whites then you simply need to pull your head out of your ass and take a look around you!

June 5, 2012 at 12:17 pm
(17) Tiffany says:

Your article is biased. You’re saying white people have no reason to feel discriminated against – but you’re not white.

Is affirmative action racist? – Yes.
Does it discriminate against white people? – Yes.

Affirmative action doesn’t even apply for Asians. Why is this? Only blacks and Mexicans. Furthermore white on black crimes are SENSATIONALIZED on the news. Just take a look at the Trayvon Martin case. They went out of their way to make zimmerman look like a racist white man. In fact, he’s not even white OR racist.

However, the brutal rape, torture and death of the Tennessee couple Channon and Christopher Newson barely received ANY coverage. Here’s what happened – They were carjacked. Okay?

Afterwards, they were taken somewhere, raped repeatedly, they cut his penis off before shooting him in the head.

They raped her with a chairleg, gang raped her, made her drink drano, poured bleach over her crotch to cover the rape, then they killed her.

The defense said “There is no evidence of a hate crime.”

Really?

Furthermore many many liberal stations have PROUDLY admitted they cover up black on white crime – so don’t you dare tell us we don’t experience racism.

June 5, 2012 at 12:40 pm
(18) Nadra says:

Tiffany, I don’t have to be white to point out that whites are not the primary targets of racial discrimination in this country. There’s tons of evidence, both scientific and anecdotal, to back this up. As for the Tennessee story you mentioned–that’s absolutely horrible, but no where did you point out how this heinous crime was racially motivated, so why should it be considered a hate crime? Moreover, do you realize that the primary victims of black crime are other blacks? The fact that sometimes blacks commit crimes against whites do not make them hate crimes. As for your point about Travyon Martin–George Zimmerman supposedly targeted this youth because he thought he looked suspicious. Because he had no reason to find Trayvon suspicious other than what he looked like, people have accused him of racism. However, it’s not certain that Zimmerman will be charged with a hate crime. There’s a good chance he won’t be. Lastly, I’ve written numerous pieces on this website about Asian Americans being discriminated against in colleges and universities. And, yes, some Asian groups do qualify for affirmative action, such as Pacific Islanders and Southeast Asians, as they remain underrepresented in higher education.

June 5, 2012 at 12:46 pm
(19) Nadra says:

I forgot to mention that affirmative action has been banned in a number of states, so it’s increasingly hard to make the argument that whites are victims of this practice any longer. I do not think affirmative action is racist because its function isn’t to eliminate whites but to give underrepresented groups opportunities that have been historically denied to them. Even states with affirmative action are not allowed to say, “We need X number of minorities at this school/company and X number of whites,” so it’s difficult to argue that any one white applicant is discriminated against.

August 23, 2012 at 7:14 pm
(20) Maribel says:

Hi all,

Honestly I feel like any group can be racist to any other group. I also know that society as a whole has a rooted dislike for black people and blackness. There is a high desire of being white or having a white appearance. Laws are made with time and struggle to help people in need of them. Just because some people abuse the system for some extra coupons doesn’t mean that some type of reform is not necessary to better the situation of the poor. The rich cheat the system and at times the government even allows it and they aren’t robbing coupons or a can of food they are robbing millions. By the way I may add that these rich people happen to be white, males and privileged. Also feelings are as important as facts because if not we’d be more senseless and cruel to one another. No matter what race you are or class, just put yourself in their shoes. It is not an easy life for any one but when the standard of perfection, beauty, and goodness is white; it becomes a bit more difficult and sad when you happen to not live up to that expectation.

We need to love our neighbor again despite the differences.

October 12, 2012 at 6:33 am
(21) Tiffany says:

Nadra, Affirmative action is banned in what, 6 states? 6 states out of how many? You can’t say 6 states are “A number of states’ when it is barely even a dent. Once again, bias.

Nadra think of this – Do you feel safe walking through a white neighborhood?

How safe do you think I would feel walking through a black neighborhood? Truth? I’m terrified.

According to the 2004 FBI National Crime Victimization Survey, in most instances of interracial crimes, the victim is white and the perpetrator is black. In the case of interracial murders for 2004, where the race of victim and perpetrator is known, more than twice as many whites were murdered by a black than cases of a white murdering a black.

“I do not think affirmative action is racist because its function isn’t to eliminate whites but to give underrepresented groups opportunities that have been historically denied to them. ”
Are you kidding me right here? Really?

Bias poorly covered with pretty words.

With the AA thing – A minority is a minority and if it’s going to apply to one minority, it should apply to all of them. Or it should be wiped out.

October 28, 2012 at 5:46 pm
(22) Jim says:

Ther IS severe discrimination going on, why do you think things are so messed up..blacks are being GIVEN JOBS Uneducated..yes its wrong..beware and please wake up

January 13, 2013 at 11:45 pm
(23) ken says:

At a time when there is less for everyone it is easy to blame the wrong oppressor. There is no doubt inequality because of racial prejudice exist and every single race on the planet makes its contrubution to those injustices. Do not be niave about the entities that cause more suffering than any ethnic groups acts of racism. Corporate America silently kills us all everyday as our jobs are outsourced to even more oppressed ethnic groups. Dont be a pack of dogs in a pit fighting for the amusement of a cruel master know your true enemy and try to do the right things by those who suffer by your side regardless of thier race.

February 12, 2013 at 3:45 pm
(24) Area 51 says:

Hiii!!!! I am still undecided on who’s most dircriminated… :(

February 18, 2013 at 3:54 am
(25) David says:

I grew up a poor white male living in black and hispanic neighborhoods my entire life. I have experienced discrimmination while growing up. When I lived in black places, I was only referred to as white boy and was jumped a few times probably because I was white. I can say that most of the other kids accepting that I was white. In hispanic neighborhoods there are places i cant even go because I am white and they sometimes even kill people because they are white. I started working when I was 15 to help my single mom with 4 kids pay the bills. I graduated high school, was in the marines for four years, and now am about to get my associates in international realtions at uc irvine. Today I am not racist and the only people i look up to still today are Jesus and Martin Luther King. I am going to fight to end discrimmination in this country. We need to work together and treat each other with respect despite differences.

March 4, 2013 at 2:53 pm
(26) noelle says:

of COURSE you think Whites are being foolish about this..you are BLACK! two words for you” HEAD START…reearch just how that has worked out.. i’ll save you the time..it is a gigantic failure…and btw..stop calling yourselves, “African Americans”..you are Americans..and have never been to Africa..

March 4, 2013 at 2:53 pm
(27) noelle says:

of COURSE you think Whites are being foolish about this..you are BLACK! two words for you” HEAD START…reearch just how that has worked out.. i’ll save you the time..it is a gigantic failure…and btw..stop calling yourselves, “African Americans”..you are Americans..and have never been to Africa..

March 4, 2013 at 2:53 pm
(28) noelle says:

of COURSE you think Whites are being foolish about this..you are BLACK! two words for you” HEAD START…reearch just how that has worked out.. i’ll save you the time..it is a gigantic failure…and btw..stop calling yourselves, “African Americans”..you are Americans..and have never been to Africa..

March 4, 2013 at 2:53 pm
(29) noelle says:

of COURSE you think Whites are being foolish about this..you are BLACK! two words for you” HEAD START…reearch just how that has worked out.. i’ll save you the time..it is a gigantic failure…and btw..stop calling yourselves, “African Americans”..you are Americans..and have never been to Africa..

April 30, 2013 at 1:28 am
(30) Jerome says:

If you want to talk about something bias, just read this article. Obviously the author is bent on convincing these Caucasian survey takers that what they feel is wrong. If a group of people feel they are being discriminated against, whether it is a minority or not, should not be beaten into submission and told what to feel by biased articles like this.

June 21, 2013 at 3:50 am
(31) Sorn says:

Um yeah this issue you bring up is interesting. Yes I felt it for awhile, but I think I agree with Robert more, it is a class and money issue. You could say that a-lot of people in the last few decades had it so good in the sense that as long as they were willing to work decently hard, they pretty much had a job. You could say that society as a whole did favor white people and I don’t doubt it; but as a whole people had it much easier to make good money.
For starters a-lot of people were dead from WW2, So say the start of the 50′s (five years just after the war) until now, began a period of major regrowth, and activity due to Europe being blown apart. This doesn’t even add the other possibilities that were open to Americans that were willing to work abroad. Fast forward now.
I don’t think we have ever had a population like we do at present. No one really wants a major new war, that at this point could probably wipe out most of the developed world, not even mentioning the developing part of it. Then add new technologies that had eliminated the need for certain positions, or changes in working structures that have eliminated jobs that people had (and when I say jobs, I mean jobs that paid adequately well.
On top of this yes I think this is more of a class issue. It is becoming where more and more if you are born into wealth you will not only remain in wealth but accumulate for wealth, because money doesn’t just pay other people to give you credentials, it opens up doors to people that can help your career. I do not want to say that poorer people can’t also achieve that, but the deck of cards are more stacked not in your favor.
With that said though, yes certain jobs I’ve applied to (a bunch really) have been very anal about asking me what my race is.

July 16, 2013 at 10:19 pm
(32) vanessa ewing says:

here is my comment to you: if for one instance there were colleges made just for whites like the hbcu are for blacks then whites would be labeled racists. if there were a united white persons college funds again we could be racists. if there was a white movement for the betterment of advancements like your naacp we would again be racists. affirmative action again is a form of discrimination only in reverse. is it anyone’s fault that majority of black people live in proverty and or are incarcerated or have other social stigmas when black people are offered more than white people. if they choose not to go to college or live a decent and moral life whose fault is it? certaintly not white people’s faults. we are too busy working and paying for our own bills and college tuition. we don’t get things for free like others do is the country. so, are we discriminated against. you bet your ass. thanks

November 24, 2013 at 10:58 am
(33) ashley says:

I think blacks are very racist I mean they have an all black college at least in my state, all black television channel they now have an all black magazine. If us white people did that al sharpton and his minions would be coming out of their holes making a riot. About it. They cause alot of harm to this world. I mean when we had commercials that had all white people they got mad because there were not any blacks in there. Really? That’s pathetic to me. I wasn’t racist but seem the blacks have been using the black card I am becoming one. If there alot that are unemployed get a job simple as that its not our fault that your lazy. I’m just about racism slavery has ended 100s of years ago its getting old and even if they use it you didn’t go through the slavery so what difference does it make get over your petty excuses and get a life and move on. You guys say this sounds racist because it can be I’m not going to lie

March 6, 2014 at 2:18 am
(34) Dani says:

Nadra states that “Clearly, there’s a gaping disconnect between each group’s perception about racism toward the other.”

Based on the polls she cited however, the only disconnect is the degree to which white racism has risen. She stated that both blacks and whites agreed that white racism has risen, while black racism has fallen. According to the polls cited, Caucasians believed that anti-white bias had risen from 1.8 in the 1950′s to 4.7 in the 21st century, while blacks believed that anti-white bias had risen from 1.4 in the 1950s to 1.8 in the 21st century. Both races believed that anti-black bias had been on a steady decline. Is it much of a surprise that the race who would be unaffected by such a bias would be far less aware of its existence? Of course not.

Furthermore, since the discrimination against blacks is consistently, and disproportionately highlighted in the media when the statistically rarer cases of white on black hate crime are blown way out of proportion, and the extremely common and often brutal hate crime attacks committed against whites by blacks are deemphasized, it is not as though whites or blacks are getting a clear picture of the anti-white reality (several media executives have admitted to censoring black violence in general, and particularly black on white violence).

Also, the idea that whites are oppressing blacks in such an extraordinary way is being propagated extensively in the media, in business (affirmative action), in universities, and elsewhere. To deny that this ideology would result in anti-white sentiment seems idiotic at best, especially when the evidence is readily available.

Leave a Comment


Line and paragraph breaks are automatic. Some HTML allowed: <a href="" title="">, <b>, <i>, <strike>
Top Related Searches
  1. About.com
  2. News & Issues
  3. Race Relations

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.