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Nadra Kareem Nittle

Why Blacks Were Largely Absent at the 2011 Oscars

By February 27, 2011

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"It's a great year for lesbians," Academy Awards co-host Anne Hathaway declared at the show's start on Sunday. After all, lesbian plotlines were central to films such as "The Kids Are All Right" and "Black Swan." To boot, the dad in "Toy Story 3" was mysteriously absent, Hathaway quipped. Did that signal an undercurrent of lesbianism, too?  Hathaway was kidding, of course. But she managed to make her point: Lesbians took front and center in a pair of Oscar-nominated films this year.

The same can't be said for people of color. According to the New York Times, the 10 films nominated for best picture in 1940--the year Hattie McDaniel became the first African American to win an Oscar--featured more diversity than the 2011 best picture nominees. Writer Nsenga Burton of The Root noted that there's been a definitive racial shift at the Oscars.

"Last decade, we had groundbreaking nominations and wins: Halle Berry and Denzel Washington winning best actress and best actor awards in 2002 for 'Monster's Ball' and 'Training Day' respectively; Jamie Foxx's 2005 best actor win for his stunning performance in 'Ray;' Forest Whitaker's best actor win for 'The Last King of Scotland' in 2006; and Jennifer Hudson's best supporting actress win in 2007 for 'Dreamgirls.'"

And last year, of course, Mo'Nique and Geoffrey Fletcher won Oscars for best supporting actress and screenwriting, respectively for "Precious." Also, African-American documentarian Roger Ross Williams won an Oscar for his short "Music by Prudence." But this year, blacks and other minorities were pretty much missing in action at the Academy Awards--with the exception of Hailee Steinfeld, best supporting actress nominee for "True Grit." Steinfeld's reportedly part African American and Filipino.

So, why weren't people of color more of a presence at the 83rd Academy Awards? New York Times film reporters point out that during the past year, no high-profile biopics about blacks such as "Ray," "Ali" or "The Last King of Scotland" came out. Plus, the urban cinema released starred whites, not people of color. There's also the fact that over the past few decades, movies have become increasingly segregated. African American actors frequently star in films with all-black casts. But The Root's Teresa Wiltz argues that the African-American movies that premiered over the last 12 months did not warrant Oscar recognition. And she's not talking Tyler Perry fare here. She called the indie "Night Catches Us," which is about the Blank Panthers in Philadelphia, a "snooze." Moreover, Wiltz said other black indie films such as "Frankie & Alice" and "Mooz-lum" screened in so few theaters that the public lacked access to them. This indicates that black films need more distribution and financial backing. Take "Precious," for example. Without funding from Oprah Winfrey and Tyler Perry, the movie wouldn't have screened in many theaters. And if that had happened, it likely would have garnered no Oscars.

But Hollywood's whiteout, as New York Times film critics call it, won't only be solved by giving black films more financing and distribution. Actors of color need to be given opportunities to shine in mainstream films--and not in supporting roles, but as stars. Wiltz wonders, for instance, how come black Latina actress Zoe Saldana couldn't have landed the lead in "Black Swan?" Saldana, after all, is a trained ballet dancer.  And what about the "Kids Are All Right?" Did both lesbians in the film have to be white? Couldn't one of them have been Asian American or Arab American or American Indian?

Your thoughts?


February 28, 2011 at 1:12 am
(1) KC says:

Perhaps we should look a little deeper at the roles this year.

Aronofsky created the role in Black Swan for Natalie Portman when she was still a teen. It was his dream to have her cast. In fact, Aronofsky cast all Jewish women in his film (Portman, Ryder, Kunis, Hershey)– something rarely done. Surprise- Aronofsky is Jewish! Black Swan could have been made with Zoe Saldana – a dancer- or any other professional dancer for that matter – but Portman was his choice. To tell him “put a Black actress in that role” would be similar to saying, “put an Asian in the starring role!” or “Why not a Mexican dancer? Why not an Italian?” “Why not an overweight, slightly disabled woman?”

Portman is a stronger actress than Saldana. That may change, but for now, I’ll stand by that declaration. Portman gave one of the best female performances of the last 25 years. As a woman, I respect that she showed a range that is normally given to men. And I don’t care what color she is.

Aronofsky can put whoever he damn well pleases in his films. He’s the artist and he’s going through the hassle of raising the money and making his film. He’s not obligated to do anything for you or I nor should he be.

There is plenty of room for other filmmakers from all backgrounds to play ball. If minorities want to be seen then we need to make these films ourselves. There’s room and we have talent. We should stop asking for other racial groups to include us. Art is not about “being fair” or being inclusive. It’s about the human experience.

The last time I checked, when given a film project, African-Americans only cast other African-Americans.

February 28, 2011 at 1:23 am
(2) Nadra says:

No one was demanding that Aronofsky specifically put Saldana in the role. Obviously, it’s too late for that. The suggestion is to point out that African Americans aren’t typically cast in roles like Portman’s in “Black Swan.” As for your last line, I disagree. Many black films feature non-black cast members. Spike Lee has used everyone from Adrien Brody to Rosie Perez to Clive Owen and Jodie Foster in films. He’s done a couple of films featuring mostly white casts. If black filmmakers do tend to cast other blacks, it’s because the subject matter demands it or they’re trying to give Af-Ams more opportunities in films. M. Night Shyamalan is another example of a director of color who mostly works with all-white casts.

February 28, 2011 at 1:28 am
(3) Tiredofracecard says:

Why do black people always have to make everything about themselves? Are you serious? Not enough black people in this year’s awards? Listen, this whole race issue continues to be an issue for one reason and one reason only…black people won’t let it go. You have every protection of the law now in this country, access to everything that everyone else does, and are not excluded from ANYTHING based on the color of your skin. Stop your incessant whining. If you feel that you are not being treated like everyone else…start acting like everyone else. Your blatant prejudice against white people is sickening, “did both lesbians in the film have to be white,” and I am tired of being labeled a bigot/oppressor for voicing my honest opinions while you spew slanted hatred like Hitler and get away with it because the general public is too scared to stand up to “black/African American/whatever else you want to be called” racists such as yourself. The rights that you are afforded in this country are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness…i.e., the same rights as everyone else. Stop crying foul because you don’t see a black actor in some silly little awards show or in a handful (maybe 20) movies that were nominated. It makes you look shallow, unenlightened, and worst of all…perpetuates the strained race relations in this country.

February 28, 2011 at 2:28 am
(4) Nadra says:

Tiredofracecard, do you realize that I spent much of this blog post quoting other people, including New York Times film critics who are not black, so I’m not sure how you deduce from this post that “black people always have to make everything about themselves.” Also, there’s a difference between questioning the fact that Hollywood films are dominated by whites, when American society is very diverse, and Hitler.

February 28, 2011 at 2:00 am
(5) Shakemyhead says:

People sure get up in arms when you question white privilege. Its really Mexicans who should be mad since they represent 40% percent of the population but are so under represented in media!

February 28, 2011 at 3:59 am
(6) Tara Nine says:

I have three short points and a longer response. First, thank you for acknowledging Ms. Steinfeld has mixed ancestry. You are keeping us on our toes!

#2 – As per your question about the coupling in “The Kids Are All Right,” I think its fair and appropriate to allow filmmakers space to take on one issue at a time if they choose, be it the politics of gender, race, class, or age. A film can lose its focus if too many hot-button issues get thrown in the pot.

#3 – The success of “True Grit” prompted response that Westerns might be making a come-back. I hope to God they don’t. Westerns are fables of constructed of masculinity, empire, and territorial expansion, in which Blacks are slaves, the Chinese are in forced-labor on the railroads, and Native Americans are dead.

And here is my long riff:

The cast of “Black Swan” casting reflects the whiteness of classical ballet theatre. A black dancer simply wouldn’t be cast for the Swan Queen. The cast of “The King’s Speech” reflects the whiteness of the monarchy. The cast of “True Grit” reflects the whiteness of the Old West. “Winter’s Bone” is set in the Ozarks, reflecting the whiteness of… Let’s be honest, America is 79.6% white (2009 Census), so a majority of the stories ARE going to be about white people. More Hollywood movies are made about stories in the past than in our present-day, and as the America of bygone-years was even *more* white, that does lend itself to mostly-white casting.

(To Be Continued in the next comment…)

February 28, 2011 at 4:00 am
(7) Tara Nine says:

(Continuing my comments) Part II

But there is a rub. Hollywood makes films for an audience of Americans who are interested not only in themselves, but in their global community. We are 15% white, 16% black, 25% East Asian and 26% Southeast Asian. Actors of color would have a chance to shine if more screenplays were based on based on world literatures instead of period films based on British novels and Britain’s history. Actors of color would have a chance to shine if more films captured the humanity and heroics of say the Mughal Empire, the Heinan period, the Song Dynasty, rather than focus so much on the British empire in the British Isles.

As the 2011 Oscars remindes us, the most prestigious motion pictures arise from the talents and choices of two creative centers, they are Hollywood and Great Britain. Over the years we’ve seen a lot of white casting to play the roles of English people, whether the picture was American or English-made. Of course, as England’s empire birthed America and she is our longtime ally, England is highly relevant to Americans and therefore Hollywood has some favortism for English stories (because they sell). English stories are favored even moreso in England’s film industry. But English stories over the past three-hundred or so years have had African, Native American, and South Asian players. To tell stories that took place in the colonies of the British, Dutch, or French Empires would be one way of telling a story the 79.6% white, European-stock Americans are personally invested in, while also casting in great numbers people of color. The key to making this a success and not an exploitation lies in crafting a storyline in which people of color play key roles, not just playing unclothed extras, powerless captives, and exotic mistresses

February 28, 2011 at 4:02 am
(8) Tara Nine says:

(Continuing my comments) Part 3 of 4

I pick up on a point where your blogpost mentions “The Last King of Scotland” as a movie in a groundbreaking decade for black actors. It was; but that bioepic had its shortcomings which this upcoming decade could chance to correct. From its New York Times review: “…despite some background filler, [director] Mr. Macdonald isn’t interested in furnishing history lessons, and the details of Britain’s African adventures remain largely unstated. In 1888, much as it did throughout Africa and the world, the British government gathered together dozens of different ethnic groups and various kingdoms under its control, naming this new protectorate and commercial venture Uganda. Many pounds of profit later, in 1962, Britain granted Uganda its independence; the African nation has been struggling to recover ever since.”
It is these “history lessons” about exploitation and empire we need to learn now and engage in through stories in film. Treating British colonial and military history sheds light on what we see in Egypt, Libya, and Iraq today. Not only that, but there lie allegories in Britain’s run of empire that speak to the state of American empire today. As this year’s winning documentary “Inside Job” reminds us of the issues at the forefront, consumers demand to know what’s happening to the wealth and resources. We don’t know yet where the story ends, but it would be insightful to go back to the beginnings… (I mean the Dutch East India Company; the Suez Canal; the U.S. getting off the Gold standard; the formation of Wall Street; the Marshall Plan; the polonius cleaving onto empire, and sundry origins of the material hocus-pocus economy that is falling today. Actors of color need apply.)

February 28, 2011 at 4:03 am
(9) Tara Nine says:

(Completing my comment) Part 4.

I also chance to defend Hollywood for having a “White Oscars” this year. Characters come from writers, and writers write about what they know. What is the racial break-down of the Screenwriters Guild? Based on my personal experience as I writer, I admit that I am white, my family is white, (my sister and I are both gay,) my neighborhood and classmates were all white (and homophobic). The stories in my life mostly show white people, and hence the stories of my creation are mostly made up of white characters (and my political agenda is not race, but gender & patriarchy). Hence, I can see where a lot of movies in contemporary settings continue to depict white characters, if the creators imagining the story are themselves white. I can see where a movie’s creators overlook race as a problem to tackle, when the issue of race doesn’t personally speak to them as much as say true love, family acceptance, or climate change.

Why aren’t there more people of color in the Screenwriter’s Guild? One last reflection about that is this: I majored in English and my sister majored in Theatre; perhaps it is with thanks to our white-privilege that we could take this risk and pursue our creative dreams rather than major in, say, business. What is the racial break-down of students in acting conservatories and film school? What percentage enrolls, and what percentage then graduates? Is the scholarship funding, mentoring, and networking there for them?

February 28, 2011 at 4:43 am
(10) Tara Nine says:

**That might have come out wrong**
Suppose there ARE more white people in the pre-production process, choosing and writing the stories the film will tell. I wonder if this could be that there is a white talent-pool, which goes back to, who makes it to Hollywood and who doesn’t, and this comes back to class, privilege, opportunities, and support for aspiring-artists of color. In case it came out wrong, I was NOT meaning to suggest that people of color aren’t risk-takers, aren’t as talented, or aren’t pursuing creative dreams as bravely as their white counterparts. My question is, what is the frequency for people color pursuing film careers? I went to a very diverse liberal arts school in the East Coast where, in my most honest observation, the South Asians were mostly pre-meds; black, white, Hispanic, and East Asian classmates from middle-class or working-class backgrounds were driven to earn a good living coming out of school, to earn a practical degree and do something practical with it. The few creative writers, actors, and art students were mostly East Asian or white (and the East Asians were making behind-the-scenes art and animation). The talents honored at the Oscars reflect pretty accurately reflected the talents-in-the-making I witnessed in college.

February 28, 2011 at 1:19 pm
(11) Nadra says:

Tara, I’ve encountered aspiring black, Latino and Asian filmmakers, screenwriters and actors over the years, so it’s not as if no minorities are pursuing such careers. If you really want to know some stats, I would suggest checking out the Screen Actors Guild, Directors Guild, AFTRA and similar organizations for a statistical breakdown.

February 28, 2011 at 5:22 am
(12) tiredofracists says:

@tiredofracecard: you know what I’m tired of? White Americans who blame Blacks for poor race relations. Classic case of projection. Any time the subject is brought up, Whites get defensive and go on the attack. And as for using Hitler, that old canard is a tired tactic of Rush Limbaugh fans, the Tea Party, and those too intellectually lazy and/or stupid to have real dialogue. The author wanted to make a point about the lack of opportunity, nothing more.

If you want to have intelligent debate, stop blaming Blacks. If you haven’t taken the time to notice, it makes you look and sound like a RACIST.

February 28, 2011 at 6:56 am
(13) EnMichael says:

@Tara, U said it all…

February 28, 2011 at 3:10 pm
(14) vince R says:

As I watched the Oscars I was very disapointed that NO people of color were winners and barely represnted. Hollywood cannot continue to deny people of color oportunites and claim to be an inclusive industry.

February 28, 2011 at 5:31 pm
(15) anonymous60 says:

“As per your question about the coupling in “The Kids Are All Right,” I think its fair and appropriate to allow filmmakers space to take on one issue at a time if they choose, be it the politics of gender, race, class, or age. A film can lose its focus if too many hot-button issues get thrown in the pot.”

I agree. Sometimes tackling more than one big issue can make a film unfocused or harder to sell. And based on my tv and film viewing same-sex couples are already more likely to be interracial or non white than straight couples.

February 28, 2011 at 8:48 pm
(16) Gio says:

This country of over 300 million people should be asking WHY is it still “perceived” that our culture still demands “ALL WHITE” movies…as was on display in 2011′s Academy Awards.

Where were the “Other” Americans whom we see every time we step outside our doors?

I don’t like ANY story that is all one color, cause that is NOT the reality of America in 2011 (it never was).

This…is a serious problem that Hollywood needs to address. Who green lights these movies? Who runs Hollywood? Are the ethnic leaders of Hollywood under-represented in today’s movies?

And it is no big secret why HOLLYWOOD lost money this year and the Oscars was a flop.

You are pushing your luck Hollywood…and those that run.

February 28, 2011 at 11:54 pm
(17) Blactor says:

I take issue with saying that Zoe Saldana isn’t as strong an actress as Natalie Portman. They are two completely different actors with completely different temperaments who would bring something different to the role. Saying Natalie is stronger than Zoe is like saying grapes taste better than chocolate, it makes no sense. I also think it’s hyperbole to say that she gave one of the best film performances of the past 25 years, but that’s just me, and goes to the root of why awards ceremonies such as this are superfluous anyway.

March 1, 2011 at 11:32 am
(18) robert says:


just my 2 cents…

(1) I live in Los Angeles…. hollywood is motivated by one color… green (an not in the environmentally friendly sense)… it is motivated by money. Every producer I have known… and I have a known a few… is looking for the magical equation that is going to make him/her a ton of money… they are rarely interested in “setting social agendas” or “artistic principles” when it comes to making movies… (though they may donate some of their money to these causes once they have made it)…. these people are not activists…. they are business people…

(2) only ignorant people think of Black Swan as Lesbian… the scene in question was a titillating “straight man’s fantasy” of lesbianism… it was also a metaphor of N.P’s character discovering her own sexuality… it was appropriate… but not Gay/Lesbian…. to think of it a lesbianism is like thinking that Al Jolson in Blackface was African American.


March 1, 2011 at 11:39 am
(19) Robert says:

Also Nadra…

I was alittle annoyed at the title of your post/blog “Why Blacks Were Largely Absent at the 2011 Oscars”… it is a very retro way of framing the issue…. race relations include the entire spectrum… asian, middle eastern, hispanic, etc… not just black and white… so your framing it in a black/white manner feels too narrow…

A better title might have been… “Were the 2011 Oscars White Washed? Where were people of color this year?”


March 3, 2011 at 4:35 pm
(20) Nadra says:

Robert, if you look on this site, you can see I’ve written about the experiences of Asians, Native Americans, Latinos, Arabs, etc. However, the articles I reference here are specifically about blacks at the Oscars. That’s why the blog post is titled as such.

March 3, 2011 at 4:33 pm
(21) James says:

Ah cmon. I’m black and I didn’t notice. I you can get too hungup on race.

March 5, 2011 at 10:55 pm
(22) robert says:

little perplexed with ur reasoning.. everyone can see that Oscar world and our world don’t look anything alike… minorities based on race, sexual preference, physically challenged and religion are all under represented at the oscars… (very few black gay blind muslims are present)… Your article was good… the title was a little retro…

I tend to be a little over exacting with myself… and have challenged myself on a number of fronts… coming from a white, republican, passively racist, homophobic, sexist, upper middle class, country club kind of family… I was the first agnostic, democrat, socialist, feminist in my family… and have learnt to become aware of and challenge all the stereotypes that my family, schooling and church drilled into me… especially since I work in the non profit, social service world… working with the poor… (hell I became so open minded I even “empathized” with my ex-BF angst over having 100 million in the bank… he turned out to be a spoiled idiot… went in the closet and joined some sort of cult church in LA)… I like your writing and perspective… just wasn’t wild by the title. And I had too much coffee.

March 18, 2011 at 5:28 am
(23) Standard Brown says:

just give it up already…..clearly you are looking for an argument….honestly how many excellent black driven films were there this year? name 3..Denzel put out a stinker in Book of Eli (& I love Denzel movies enough to own all on dvd, including Malcolm X which was yet another Spike Lee racism posing as art film) do you really think affirmative action should apply to everything? Why don’t you use your platform as a writer for something positive? btw I’m mixed…meaning I’m discriminated against by both sides…unlike you however I’m not a fan of whine

May 4, 2011 at 4:32 pm
(24) hannibal22 says:

Hello Ma’am,

I enjoyed your column; very thought provoking. Although there was something missing that I feel should be addressed:

Who should give the African Americans these opportunities? One of the questions should be – why aren’t more African Americans making films (quality films)? As an African American, many of the films I see coming from African Americans tend to be ghetto based.

Question 2: Why aren’t more African Americans financing films? Minorities cannot rely/depend on the majority community to “give” them roles – “ain’t gonna happen”. The Hollywood power brokers have spoken loud and clear — minorities have to be self-supportive!!!!!!!!

July 3, 2011 at 2:08 am
(25) teriyaki says:

i am a black american actress and i must say you blacks that blames all ya problems on whites make me sick. and ya blacks that cry like babies cuz da white man won’t give y’all no work make me sicker!… and you blacks that cry like babies cuz hollywood” wont give me no job maker me even sicker!!!

if you want to ACT make your own films and stage your own plays and stop being so lazy!! your black brothers and sisters in africa are making movies without!!!!!! “HOLLYWOOD”!!!!!

August 9, 2011 at 11:44 am
(26) radie says:

the african-americans always had 2 work harder n hollywood compared 2 the causicians.the problem is now,there’s not enough quality movies about the african-american experiences done positively.But n causician films are not really done better.2 many remakes and not enough creativity anymore.Thank god 4 the extraordinary work of “Hattie Mc Daniel,Sidney Poiter,Denzel Washington,Spike Lee and Tyler Perry.I love ur work and keep it up.Now we have 2 much talent out there 2 waste it.Use it wisely.Last comment,There are 2 much great literature that’s available and it hasn’t been told.Take a lesson,Stop with all the remakes, and get back 2 doing original material.Thank u

August 20, 2011 at 7:21 pm
(27) mohammed humaid says:

the artilce is well written and you hit the nail in the head when you say that more finance is required for people of color because hollywood is too white

September 8, 2011 at 2:43 pm
(28) PCT says:

I’m sick an tired of hearing that the Oscars were not diverse enough. Hollywood places these token blacks in roles not pertaining to them in most cases, just for the plain fact that NAACP, ADL, and Brothas AL and Jesse, don”t b—h, whine, or complain about a “racial” issue. If everyone opens they’re eyes, Hispanics are underrepresented, the Asians are hardly to be seen, what of Native Americans, I mean, this is their ancestral lands for Christ sakes.
If anyone else notices this trend, over the past decade, there’s been an increase of pandering to Blacks to sell items, services or whatever, and the other “minorities” are no where to be seen, and if seen, a minor role. WHat of Hollowood, giving roles to Blacks in highly prominent positions such as heroes, the brains of the operations, a top chief, or the voice of reason? All nothing but propaganda lies. Hollywood better think about which people really put money in their pockets, instead of pandering to others that don’t.

October 12, 2011 at 3:23 pm
(29) billy williams says:

Well,What do you want?-An affirmative action program at the oscars!

October 17, 2011 at 8:42 pm
(30) Cory says:

Maybe if blacks stop making “Ghetto-fabulous booty call” movies and start making movies that contain actual greatness, MAYBE blacks would be more prominent at the Oscars….? I am black and this is my biggest gripe with black-made films.

October 31, 2011 at 4:53 pm
(31) James Nelson says:

One of the funniest impromptu lines I’ve heard from a comedian on stage is when Eddie Izzard makes a joke about La fayette and Washington, and when he sees that the audience didn’t get the joke quips, “Don’t you know your own history?”. Well the same can be said of the Black experience in America or the world for that matter. Hollywood has found a way to portray every facet of White/European lifestyle and culture throughout the ages, yet hardly ever seeks to portray any other cultures let alone blacks.

An earlier post mentioned that the further back in history one goes the less blacks you would see. Did blacks have no history or part in America or the world until recently? Where is the western about Deadeye Dick, or the Victorian film about Mary Seacole? How about a story of Lewis and Clark the showed York? I’m still waiting on a well done, Hollywood treatment of the Tuskegee Airmen. The reason that there aren’t many roles for minority actors is because Hollywood just isn’t interested in finding those stories.

November 2, 2011 at 6:51 pm
(32) HowDseeIt says:

I agree fully with this piece. Im a 20 yr old actress in the making and this “white out” in hollywood is ever so evident it makes pursuing my dream that much harder knowing that i may only get to be the sidekick or the stereotypical ghetto chick in a white movie. In years past i’ve heard things such as more movies are white cast cause thats what most of america can relate to….FALSE america is more diverse then ever. This isnt just a white/black thing its white/indian white/latin white/asian, there are other races that pursue acting careers that are extremly talented! When tv shows new young hot actresses all you see is white white white, emma stone,ann hathaway,blake lively. This must change, there are good actors of all races.

August 14, 2012 at 12:54 pm
(33) James says:

@Gio. Well I guess you hated Lord of the Rings, and will probably hate the upcoming Hobbit films as well, because basically those are all white films. The fact is coming up with ideas for all white films is not that hard to do, even when setting films in parts of the country that have large Black populations. This is something Hollywood screenwriters do quite well. They also manage to leave Blacks out of stories in which they in reality would probably have a more prominent role. I’ve seen countless Hollywood films set in Africa in which Blacks play almost no part in the main story, their just background and Africa just an exotic locale. Why Blacks would even be criticized for adopting the same template is beyond me, and would only smack of the contempt we seem to have for Blacks in general and any endeavors they might engage in.

August 14, 2012 at 12:56 pm
(34) James says:


It’s been almost a year and I still can’t understand a thing you said, or what point you’re trying to make. Use the King’s English please!

January 16, 2014 at 4:22 pm
(35) jet says:

As many as there are other races in the movies and on TV, but all you see getting all those awards is a bunch of whites!! That all you see. There are so many movie black made/are in and still don’t win anything. Hollywood is just races. It’s always about the f+++ whites! you can’t help but be mad!

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